The Roman Attica Project (RAP) is a research project conducted at the Institute of Historical Research/National Hellenic Research Foundation and coordinated by the Programme Economy and Society in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods with the participation of researchers and academics from various institutions in Greece and abroad.

The project aims to fill a gap in the research which so far mostly focused on Hellenistic and Classical Athens and its Roman monuments. However, there are more than 1500 sites and findspots all over Attica dating to the Roman period, but there has never been any thorough analysis of this evidence as a whole. To that end, an extensive network of scholars will investigate the entire region of Attica, including the asty, from the Late Hellenistic to the Late Roman period.

Attica and its political centre are examined from a historical and archaeological perspective. The RAP addresses questions related to various aspects of society, economy, spatial organisation: the social groups that were active in various sites of Attica, their relations with Rome, legal aspects of everyday life, sanctuaries, cemeteries, as well as economic and financial factors, rural and urban productive units, harbours, mines, and quarries. The project aims to generate open-access online databases which derive from the studies of the research team and to visualize these outputs on interactive maps.

Workshops, seminars, and a series of publications will further promote the function of RAP as a hub for disseminating research on Roman Attica and Athens.